Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz…. National Day of the Book

On Last November 12th, in Mexico, we celebrated  the National day of the book, in honor of the birth anniversary of the greatest female poet of the history of Mexico…. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.
Sor Juana is also considered as the “first feminist” of Mexico (in her time, Mexico was “The New Spain”) and her poems were revolutionary, her finest poem is “First Dream” or simply “the Dream” (Primero Sueño o simplemento “El Sueño”) one of the longest and most sophisticated poems in the history of Spanish literature. “First Dream” is a philosophical-cosmic poem in which Sor Juana expressed about the “quest for total knowledge” and in which Octavio Paz (Mexico’s only Nobel Prize in Literature) compared her famous “First Dream” in his famous essay about Sor Juana (Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz y las Trampas de la Fe) to Mallarmé’s (also sophisticated poem) “Un coup de dés jamais n’abolira le hasard “.
In the Spanish language, Sor Juana’s poetry (specially the already mentioned “First Dream”) has been often compared to the poems and writings of Luis de Góngora y Argote (One of Spain’s most famous poets of the “golden century of Spanish Literature”). Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz was born on November 12 of 1651, she had a huge passion for learning and studying (in a time where education was forbidden for women) and she was called… “The Tenth Muse.” She learned how to read and write Latin at the age of three. In words of Ernesto de la Peña (One of the most brilliant erudites of Mexico) he compared the genius of Sor Juana to Mozart’s. Many scholars, intellectuals, both Mexicans, Americans (like Dorothy Schons, from USA) and also Europeans (Like Marie-Cécile Bénassy-Berling, from France and Ludwig Pfandl from Germany) made important studies about Sor Juana, her brilliant work and life. Because of her love for reading, writing and for her brilliant contribution to Spanish Literature, it is the reason, why, in every November 12th, in honor of the birth of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexico celebrates, “The National Day of the Book”.

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